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Promo Master Anthropology
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Domestic Violence in a Mexican Tourist Area: a Study of Masculinities, Violence and Substance Abuse in an Era of Social Transformations
The Mexican towns of Playa del Carmen and Cancun have become booming tourist resorts; resulting in drastic transformations of social life and gender relations. Domestic violence is frequently occurring. The research concentrates on men as perpetrators of violence against women in the domestic sphere; it uncovers the role of violence within masculinity discourses and practices. The research shows how domestic violence is connected with social inequality and other forms of violence, and addresses how substance abuse is related to violence. The informants of this research had to adapt to their own violent surroundings, violence became normalized and reproduced. The hegemony of a dominant, ‘macho’ performance of masculinity legitimizes their violent behavior. Recently, government policies aiming to protect women from violence, while in ways ineffective, are starting to create awareness that violence against women is not normal, and an increasing number of women file reports with the police. These policies do not address the context in which hegemonic masculinity is produced. The measures taken to curb male violence against women are repressive, and little attention is given to how men could ‘do masculinity’ without using violence.